Antenatal Care : Overview

Antenatal Care : Overview

So you’re pregnant, now what?

When you first learn that you're pregnant, get in touch with a midwife or GP as soon as possible so that you can commence your antenatal care. What is antenatal care?

Antenatal care is the care you receive from healthcare professionals during your pregnancy. You will be offered a series of appointments with a midwife, or sometimes with a doctor who specialises in pregnancy and birth (an obstetrician).

Why is antenatal care important?

Regular appointments with your health care provider throughout your pregnancy are important to ensure the health of you and your baby. In addition to medical care, antenatal care includes education on pregnancy and childbirth, plus counselling and support.

Your midwife or doctor will check that you and your baby are well and provide you with useful information to help you have a healthy pregnancy and answer any questions you may have. You will also be offered antenatal classes, including breastfeeding workshops. You need to book antenatal classes in advance, so ask your midwife about when you should book classes in your area.

To give you the best pregnancy care, your midwife will ask you many questions about your health, your family's health and your preferences. Your midwife will do some checks and tests, some of which will be done throughout your pregnancy. The results of these tests may affect your choices later in pregnancy, so it’s important not to miss them.

Your midwife will also ask about any other social care support you may have or need, such as support from social workers or family liaison officers. Most healthcare providers welcome your partner at each visit, as well as interested family members.

Choosing a antenatal care provider

You will see your antenatal care provider many times before you have your baby. So you want to be assured that the person you choose has a good reputation, listens to, and respects you. You will want to find out if the doctor or midwife can deliver your baby in the place you want to give birth, such as a specific hospital or birthing center. Your provider should also be willing and able to give you the information and support you need to make an informed choice about whether to breastfeed or bottle-feed.

Prenatal care providers include

  • Obstetricians (OBs), are medical doctors who specialise in the care of pregnant women and in delivering babies. OBs also have special training in surgery so they are also able to do a cesarean delivery. Women who have health problems or are at risk for pregnancy complications should see an obstetrician. Women with the highest risk pregnancies might need special care from a maternal fetal medicine specialist.
  • Family practice doctors (GP) are medical doctors who provide care for the whole family through all stages of life. This includes care during pregnancy and delivery, and following birth. Most GPs cannot perform cesarean deliveries.
  • A certified nurse-midwife (CNM) and certified professional midwife (CPM) are trained to provide pregnancy and postpartum care. Midwives can be a good option for healthy women at low risk for problems during pregnancy, labor, or delivery. A CNM is educated in both nursing and midwifery. Most CNMs practice in hospitals and birth centers. A CPM is required to have experience delivering babies in home settings because most CPMs practice in homes and birthing centers. All midwives should have a back-up plan with an obstetrician in case of a problem or emergency.


Ask your primary care doctor, friends, and family members for provider recommendations. When making your choice, consider:

  • Reputation.
  • Personality and bedside manner.
  • The provider's gender and age.
  • Office location and hours.
  • Whether you always will be seen by the same provider during office checkups and delivery.
  • Who covers for the provider when they are unavailable.
  • Where you want to deliver.
  • How the provider handles phone consultations and after-hour calls.

When to begin your antenatal care

You can book an appointment with your antenatal care provider as soon as you know that you're pregnant. Your GP can put you in touch with your nearest midwifery service.

It's best to begin your antenatal care as early as possible. If you have special health needs, your midwife, GP or obstetrician may take shared responsibility for your maternity care. This means they will all see you during your pregnancy.

Inform your care provider if you have a disability that gives you special requirements for your antenatal appointments or for labour. If you don't speak English, let your provider know and language arrangements will be made.

How many appointments will I have?

You'll have a number of scheduled antenatal appointments during your pregnancy. If you're pregnant with your first baby, you'll have more appointments than women who already have children. First time mothers receive up to 10 appointments over the duration of their pregnancy, and if you’ve had a child previously you’re likely to have up to 7 appointments.

Under certain circumstances, for example if you develop a medical condition, you may have more. Your carer will provide you with written information about how many appointments you're likely to have and when they'll happen, and discuss the schedule with you.

Where do the appointments take place?

Your appointments can take place at your home, in a children's centre, in your GP surgery, or in hospital. You will usually go to the hospital for your scans. Your antenatal appointments should take place in a setting where you feel able to discuss sensitive issues that may affect you, such as domestic violence, sexual abuse, mental illness or drug use.

Your maternity notes

At your booking appointment, your provider will enter your details in a record book and will add to them at each visit. These are your maternity notes, sometimes called hand-held notes. You’ll be asked to keep your maternity notes at home and to bring them along to all your antenatal appointments.

Remember to keep your notes handy (in your handbag) wherever you go in case you need medical attention while you're away from home. Always ask your maternity team to explain anything in your notes that you don't understand.

Planning ahead can make your visits easier, some suggestions are:

  • Write a list of any questions you want to ask and take it with you.
  • Make sure you get answers to your questions or the opportunity to discuss any worries.
  • If your partner is free, try to have them accompany you. These are special times during your pregnancy and can also help them feel more involved.
  • In some clinics you can buy refreshments. If not, take a snack with you if you're likely to get hungry.

Find out about your schedule of antenatal appointments and what to expect at each one. (2019, October 9). Appointments during pregnancy. Retrieved from


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